Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
The discipline of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery focuses on correcting a wide spectrum of diseases including injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws, and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It involves, but is not limited to: dental implants, wisdom teeth removal, apicoectomy, TMJ disorder, facial trauma, corrective jaw surgery, oral pathology, osseous tissue surgery, anesthesia, and bone grafts. It is an internationally recognized surgical specialty and in the United States it is one of the nine specialties of dentistry.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are the only dental specialists recognized by the American Dental Association who are surgically trained in a hospital-based residency program for a minimum of four years. They’re trained and educated along with medical residents in internal medicine, general surgery and anesthesiology, and spend time in otolaryngology (ear, nose and throat), plastic surgery, emergency medicine and other specialty areas outside of dentistry. This training focuses almost entirely on the bone, skin and muscle of the face, mouth and jaw. Oral and facial surgeons have knowledge and expertise that uniquely qualifies them to diagnose and treat a number of functional and esthetic conditions and disorders in this anatomical area. Oral surgeons are trained to remove buried wisdom teeth, place dental implants, diagnose and treat complex oral problems, and more. They are regional specialist surgeons treating the entire craniomaxillofacial complex: anatomical area of the mouth, jaws, face, skull, as well as associated structures.